CHEMICAL PLANTS

Programma

 

Corso di Laurea Magistrale in Chemical Engineering

for Industrial Sustainability (LM-22)

Anno Accademico 2014 - 2015

 

CORSO di “CHEMICAL PLANT” (Cod: 91287 )                              

 

Course teacher: Giuseppe Mancini Ph.D.

Department of Industrial Engineering - Building 10.

Phone: 095-7382755, e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Office hours: Monday at 11.00-13.00; Tuesday 18.00-20.00

 

OBIETTIVI

The course introduces to the knowledge of the more widespread process industry plants and equipment (Unit Operations), providing the fundamental elements for the choice and the calculation of the main units used in the operations of phase separation and for their management. At the end of the course the student will be able to correctly determine the specifications of the individual devices and to evaluate the effects of a variation of operating parameters on the performance of the process.

The teaching methodology of the course consists of lectures, written exercises and computer exercises

 

PREREQUISITI RICHIESTI

 No preparatory aspects.

 

 

FREQUENZA LEZIONI

The student is required to attend at least 70% of the lessons, cfr. Punto 3.3 of Regolamento Didattico of CLM in Chemical Engineering for Industrial Sustainability

 

 

TESTI DI RIFERIMENTO

  1. Coulson & Richardson's Chemical Engineering, vol 6 – Chemical Engineering Design
  2. Richardson J.F., Backhurst J.R., Harker J.H. - Chemical Engineering - Volume 2 - Particle Technology
  3. Lecture notes

 

PROVA D’ESAME

 

 

Appelli successivi all’erogazione del corso

Written Test; oral test if required

 

Modalità di iscrizione ad un appello d’esame

The reservation for an exame session is mandatory and must be made exclusively through the web portal students within the scheduled period.

 

 

Date d’esame 

http://portalestudente.unict.it/portalestudente/mapServlet

 

CONSEGNA MATERIALE DIDATTICO

Educational materials in electronic format delivered by the teacher during the course.

PROGRAMMA DEL CORSO

 

1. FLOW-SHEETING - C&R, vol. 6 – cap. 4

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Flow-sheet presentation

1.3 Manual flow-sheet calculations

1.4 Computer-aided flow-sheeting

1.5 Full steady-state simulation programs

1.6 Simple material balance programs

 

 

2. DESIGN INFORMATION AND DATA – C&R, vol. 6 – cap. 8

2.1     Introduction

2.2     Sources of information on manufacturing processes

2.3     General sources of physical properties

2.4     Accuracy required of engineering data

2.5     Prediction of physical properties

2.6     Density

2.7     Viscosity

2.8     Thermal conductivity

2.9     Specific heat capacity

2.10   Enthalpy of vaporisation (latent heat)

2.11   Vapour pressure

2.12   Diffusion coeffìcients (Diffusivities)

2.13   Surface tension

2.14   Critical constants

2.15   Enthalpy of reaction and enthalpy of formation

2.16   Phase equilibrium data design of a chemical industrial process

 

 

3.   SEPARATION COLUMNS (DISTILLATION, ABSORPTION AND EXTRACTION) – C&R, vol. 6 – cap. 11

3.1     Introduction

3.2     Continuous distillation: process description

3.3     Continuous distillation: basic principles

3.4     Design variables in distillation

3.5     Design methods for binary systems

3.6     Multicomponent distillation: general considerations

3.7     Multicomponent distillation: short-cut methods for stage and reflux requirements

3.8     Multicomponent systems: rigorous solution procedures (computer methods)

3.9     Batch distillation

3.10   Plate efficiency

3.11   Approximate column sizing

3.12   Plate contactors

3.13   Plate hydraulic design

3.14   Packed columns

3.15   Column auxiliaries

3.16   Solvent extraction (liquid-liquid extraction)

 

4.       MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES – C&R, vol 2 – cap. 8

4.1     Introduction

4.2     Classification of membrane processes

4.3     The nature of synthetic membranes

4.4     General membrane equation

4.5     Cross-flow microfiltration

4.6     Ultrafiltration

4.7     Reverse osmosis

4.8     Membrane modules and plant configuration

4.9     Membrane fouling

4.10   Electrodialysis

4.11   Reverse osmosis water treatment plant

4.12   Pervaporation

4.13   Liquid membranes

4.14   Gas separations

 

5.       ADSORPTION - C&R, vol. 2 – cap. 17

5.1     Introduction

5.2     The nature of adsorbents

5.3     Adsorption equilibria

5.4     Multicomponent adsorption

5.5     Adsorption from liquids

5.6     Structure of adsorbents

5.7     Kinetic effects

5.8     Adsorption equipment

5.9     Regeneration of spent adsorbent

 

6.       LEACHING - C&R, vol. 2 – cap. 10

6.1     Introduction

6.2     Mass transfer in leaching operations

6.3     Equipment for leaching

6.4     Countercurrent washing of solids

6.5     Calculation of the number of stages

6.6     Number of stages for countercurrent washing by graphical methods

 

7.       HEAT-TRANSFER EQUIPMENT - C&R, vol. 6 – cap. 12

7.1     Introduction

7.2     Basic design procedure and theory

7.3     Overall heat-transfer coefficient

7.4     Fouling factors (dirt factors)

7.5     Shell and tube exchangers: construction details

7.6     Mean temperature difference (temperature driving force)

7.7     Shell and tube exchangers: general design considerations

7.8     Tube-side heat-transfer coefficient and pressure drop (single phase)

7.9     Shell-side heat-transfer and pressure drop (single phase)

7.10   Condensers              

7.11   Reboilers and vaporisers

7.12   Plate heat exchangers

7.13   Direct-contact heat exchangers

7.14   Finned tubes

7.15   Double-pipe heat exchangers

7.16   Air-cooled exchangers

7.17   Fired heaters (furnaces and boilers)

7.18   Heat transfer to vessels